Indonesia is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising thousands of islands.It encompasses 34 provinces, two of which are Special Administrative Regions. With an estimated population of over 252 million people, Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country.Indonesia's republican form of government comprises an elected legislature and president.

Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups.Indonesia has about 300 ethnic groups, each with cultural identities developed over centuries, and influenced by Indian, Arabic, Chinese, and European sources.Indonesia's size, tropical climate, and archipelagic geography, support the world's second highest level of biodiversity and its flora and fauna is a mixture of Asian and Australasian species.